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Dual Unregulated Power Supply Kit image Zoom

Dual Unregulated Power Supply Kit

SKU: QK114
Dual Unregulated Power Supply Kit for QK50. Contains all components to convert AC input from a center-tapped transformer to a balanced unregulated power source. Transformer not supplied.

Availability: In stock
Assembly Required: Yes

$16.50

SKU:QK114

Assembly Required!
Product Description

    Details


    Many power amplifiers require a dual DC power supply
    for their operation. Usually this consists of some diodes
    and electrolytic capacitors to convert an AC voltage to a
    +/- DC voltage. This simple kit does just that, with all
    the components mounted on a small PCB to avoid the
    usual spaghetti-wired mass (mess?).
    The kit is constructed on single-sided printed circuit
    board. Protel Autotrax & Schematic were used in the
    design.
    CONSTRUCTION
    Assembly couldnt be simpler, with only four diodes
    and four electrolytic capacitors to worry about. Insert
    the diodes first. The diode leads are quite thick and the
    diode could be damaged when bending the leads. Use a
    pair of long nose pliers near the body of the diode to
    hold the leads. Also be careful to bend the leads to the
    correct spacing. Now fit the electrolytic capacitors,
    taking care to insert them the correct way around. The
    positive lead is marked on the overlay. The negative
    lead is marked on the body of each capacitor.
    You have to supply the appropriate center-tapped
    transformer for your requirements - see below.


    Dual Unregulated Power Supply Kit ~ K114 assembled CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
    The circuit is a standard bridge rectifier, formed by the four diodes (D1-4) and four electrolytic capacitors (C1- 4) to provide DC ripple smoothing. The voltage supply is unregulated. This means that the output voltage is dependent on the voltage that the transformer will supply when the rated current is drawn from it. The power rating of transformers are generally rated in volts-amps, VA. The transformers voltage is the voltage that the transformer will supply when the rated current is drawn from it. For example, a 30V center-tapped transformer rated at 75VA will supply a maximum of + 15 volts at 2.5 amps. (75 divided by 30 gives 2.5 amps. 30V center-tapped gives a +15V to -15V supply.) In order to get a + 25V supply you would need to use a 50V center-tapped transformer. The AC input is provided by a center-tapped transformer, with the center-tap being the zero volt reference. The AC voltages from the two half windings are full-wave rectified by diodes D1-4, which are rated at 3A. The output from the diode bridge is a positive and negative DC voltage. Capacitors C1 and C3 provide DC filtering for the positive voltage while capacitors C2 and C4 do the same for the negative side. Note that the open circuit DC voltage output measured will be 1.414 times the rated voltage because we are using a full wave bridge rectifier. But this voltage will drop as soon as you start to draw significant current. When the current is near the current rating of the transformer the DC output voltage will equal the transformer voltage. So using 50V ecaps this would limit the transformer to 60V/90VA rated. This is + 30V drawing a maximum of 1.5A. (50V/1.414 = 35.3V. Allowing a safety margin 10% gives 30V. 90VA/60V = 1.5.)

Additional Information

    Additional Information

    SKU QK114
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